Doing Gender/Doing Profession in Finnish working life
Date of birth
Place of birth
Finnland; Frau : Berufstätigkeit; Frau : Diskriminierung; Ingenieurin; Lehrerin; Arbeitsmarktsegmentierung; Diskursanalyse
DDC (Dewey Decimal Classification)
Free keywords (german)
Konstruktion von Geschlecht; Geschlechterforschung; Gleichstellung; Arbeitsleben; Diversität; Lohndifferenz; Lohnungleichheit; Gleichberechtigung; Arbeitsmarkt; ökonomische Ungleichheit; Professionalität; professionelle Identität; diskursive Psychologie; Diskursanalyse; soziale Konstruktion; Intersektionalität; kulturelle Repräsantation; Intertextualität; feministische Theorie; feministische Forschung; Feminismus
Free keywords (english)
Gender; doing gender; gendered labour markets; gendered employment; salary gap; salary inequality; economic inequality; diversity; working life; professionalism; professional identity; discourse analysis; discourse psychology; social construction; intersectionality; cultural representation; intertextuality; feminism; feminist knowledge production; feminist writing; feminist research
Societal inequalities are by and large based on economic inequalities. Economic inequalities are based on ordering people in hierarchies, where some categories of people have easier access to the world's economic and other resources, and others are restricted in this access. The gender system, including the gendered organisation of work, is one foundation for such inequalities and touches all of our lives.
This study contributes to the feminist understanding of gender's operation in society by examining how gender differences are created in Finnish working life. Employment markets in Finland are persistently gendered: the public sector work of care and education is numerically over-dominated by women, and the private sector work in technology and production by men. This leads to a number of labour market inequalities, such as significant wage differences.
The study examines how Finnish ICT engineers, acting in an extremely male- dominated field, and Finnish primary school teachers, acting in an extremely female-dominated field, discursively construct gender and professionalism as related to their work contexts.
Twelve different interpretative repertoires are identified; each repertoire works via different rhetorical constructions and/or relationships between subject and object to give meanings to professional practices, so that some function to retain gendered practices in the professions, while others hold the potential to challenge them. The study concludes by suggesting ways in which the findings can help us understand how gendered structures are also created or challenged in other gender-biased professions in Finland.
While studying gendered working life, the researcher takes advantage of different critical and feminist writing practices, and by so doing, explores her own identity as a feminist writer-researcher.
Steyaert, Chris (Prof. PhD)
Landfester, Ulrike (Prof. Dr.)
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