Enabling Innovative Companies in Emerging Economies : Insights from the Turkish Innovation System and Turkish Consumer Electronics Companies
Ilman, Yasar Attila
Türkei; Wissenschaftstransfer; Innovationsförderung; Industrieforschung; Unterhaltungselektronikindustrie
DDC (Dewey Decimal Classification)
Wirtschaft - 330
Freie Stichwörter (deutsch)
Freie Stichwörter (englisch)
Turkey; system; national innovation system; innovative companies
The main objective of this dissertation is to provide insights for developing effective innovation support policies in emerging economies. In order to achieve this objective, the dissertation combines system- and company-level analysis. The subjects of the research are Turkey and its consumer electronics companies. Innovativeness at both the national (system) and company levels (consumer electronics) are investigated.
The analysis of the Turkish innovation system and consumer electronics case study highlighted trade liberalisation as one of the main drivers of the innovativeness of companies. The results show that the positive effect of exporting is most likely to materialise if local companies, instead of foreign companies, do the exporting. This means that developing countries should try to support local companies' efforts to become integrated into global value chains, instead of attracting foreign direct investment for exporting sectors. Furthermore, the Turkish experience shows that it is important to open the local economy to import competition; otherwise the largest domestic players might remain content to dominate the domestic market without needing to innovate. This seems especially to be the case when the national innovation system is underdeveloped.
In relation to education policy, the Turkish experience suggests that linking academic career progression to scientific publishing increases publications. As publications and patents tend to correlate, such a policy could be useful for increasing the innovation output in developing countries.
In terms of innovation support schemes, the Turkish way of providing finance for R&D projects is useful, especially for supporting the R&D efforts of established companies. The strict conditions were useful in fostering an R&D project management culture and were successful in increasing cooperation between university and industry. However innovation support for smaller and less established companies needs separate programmes. Turkey's experience also suggests that the centralisation of all technical innovation related topics is useful, at least in the early stages of development. TUBITAK (Scientific and Technological Research Council) in Turkey has operated a number of successful innovation support programmes. Additionally, it has been able to increase awareness of innovation among companies and the public. It has also established platforms that bring companies together, resulting in a positive impact on knowledge sharing and future cooperation. Through its institutes, TUBITAK has fostered partnerships between industry and public organisations. On the other hand, the Turkish experience suggests that, in order to drive non-technological innovation such as human resources and marketing innovation, a separate organisation should have the lead. It is difficult for the same organisation to embrace both aspects of innovation.
Hauser, Heinz (Prof. Dr.)
Fahrni, Fritz (Prof. PhD)
Erweitertes Diss. Komitee
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